The Meeting Between the Pope of Rome and the Cuban Dictator – and the Strange Relationship Between Rome and Cuba for Decades
In September 2015, on his way to the United States for his momentous first visit, the pope of Rome, the Jesuit Francis I, visited the Communist island nation of Cuba. He was officially welcomed by President Raul Castro, who was put in power after his infamous brother, Fidel, became too ill to continue as president. In his opening speech, Francis mentioned the fact that his two predecessors, John Paul II and Benedict XVI, had both visited Cuba. For the third pope in a row to now do so, reveals that something momentous was afoot; indeed, that it had been afoot for many years.
What Was Going On?
Months before his visit, acting as mediator between the two sides, Francis had played a big part in the improved relations between Cuba and the United States, after decades of hostility. He had written to both presidents, urging them to begin a new phase in relations between their two countries; and in October 2014 delegations from both countries met in the Vatican, where they held talks on various issues. After these papal efforts, presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro held a personal meeting, and this was followed by both countries opening embassies. The two also agreed to forge closer ties in trade, tourism and telecommunications.
And then Francis went to Cuba on an official papal visit. But what was really going on? The visit did not take place merely because Francis had played such an important part in improving Cuba-U.S. relations. There was much more to it than that. When it comes to the Papacy, there always is.
While in Cuba, Francis visited the 89-year-old Fidel Castro, the ruthless dictator of Cuba for so many years. Castro’s wife, children and grandchildren were also present. The Vatican claimed that the meeting was not on the official papal itinerary, but of course this was a lie: a visit like this is planned down to the minutest detail, and there was nothing “spontaneous” about it.
So what was this all about? A small Communist country, yet the third papal visit; an ailing, elderly Communist dictator, who in 1961 had actually expelled the Jesuit Order from Cuba, and yet here he was in 2015, having a cosy chat with the Jesuit pope. Is there more to Fidel than meets the eye? What was going on here?
Fidel Castro the Communist Revolutionary
Fidel Castro had been educated by the Jesuits in Cuba. He embraced Communism, and fought a brutal revolution against the Cuban dictator Batista, which was eventually won by Castro and his Communists in 1959, tragically with great help from the U.S. State Department. The Cuban Communist government declared itself to be officially atheistic. Castro allied himself with the Soviet Union, declared Cuba to be a Socialist state – and proceeded to run the country into the ground. But like Communist leaders everywhere, not for him the privations being endured by his people. He was an absolute dictator, doing as he pleased, having a secret bank account, and spending at least $25000 a month, mostly on gifts for women. He lived, in other words, as a Capitalist, just as almost all Communist leaders do, running the island nation as his personal playground. His own people hated him. As one author put it, tongue in cheek: “According to Russian press reports, he is so loved by his own people that some 9000 security agents are employed to guard him, lest his many devotees tear him limb from limb.”
Castro willingly trained Communist terrorists from all over the world, including from South Africa. “Many young South Africans lie dead today because of Castro: as do many young Cubans. More than 400 000 Cuban soldiers were rotated through Angola in the desperate East/West struggle for that vast former Portuguese territory during the time of Soviet imperialism in Africa. Seeking to throw back UNITA and the SA [South African] forces, more than 10 000 of Castro’s men were killed, wounded or went missing.”
He was also involved in exporting guns, narcotics, and money laundering.
A Possible Explanation: Fidel Serving the Jesuits?
The key point here is this: Castro was educated by the Jesuits. And the Jesuits are masters at using the education of the young to make fanatical disciples for their cause worldwide. Many young boys, educated from a young age in Jesuit schools, go on to become Jesuit priests themselves – or to serve the Jesuit Order in some way in the world, even if not “officially” ordained as priests. Jesuit secret agents, in fact, have worked, and continue to this day to work, in all aspects of society: politics, finance, education, business, the arts, etc., etc. Historian William Cathcart wrote that Jesuit spies are “a kind of fifth order, known only to the general and a few friends. They are men of all ranks, and ladies in all positions of society. Though bound by no vows, they belong to the order. They are rewarded by good positions where the Jesuits have influence, by great liberality in pardoning their sins, or by money if it is needed. This class, mixing with all conditions of men, report the affairs of the world to the followers of Ignatius”. And historian Edmond Paris wrote that Jesuits “operate all over the world in the capacity of her personnel, officers of a truly secret army containing in its ranks heads of political parties, high ranking officials, generals, magistrates, physicians, faculty professors, etc., all of them striving to bring about, in their own sphere, ‘l’Opus Dei’, God’s work, in reality the plans of the papacy.” Some famous rulers in times past, who served the Jesuits in this way, were the emperors Ferdinand II and Ferdinand III; Sigismond III, king of Poland; and James II, king of England, and his queen.
Coming back, then, to Fidel Castro: it is indeed possible that despite his Jesuit education, he eventually turned his back on the Jesuit Order and on Roman Catholicism, as the world believes, becoming an atheistic Communist who hated all religion. There have always been those who have rejected their indoctrination at the hands of these fanatics of the so-called “Society of Jesus”. Therefore, this is a possibility, certainly.
But there is another possibility: that Fidel Castro never truly turned his back on the Jesuits, but faithfully served them his entire life!
Now before the reader jumps to the conclusion that this second possibility is really an impossibility, he needs to carefully study the history, goals, and methods of the Jesuit Order through the centuries. For then he will find that with the Jesuits, “the end always justifies the means”. These men are sworn to advance the Papacy by any and all means, fair and foul. They are permitted to lie, if need be; to murder; to commit all kinds of deeds, if thereby the Papacy will be advanced in the world. And history is replete with examples of them doing so. Tragically, people today have no knowledge of who the Jesuits are, or what they have done.
We may never know the complete truth with regards to Castro. A Jesuit agent, or a rebel against Jesuitism? We may never have proof positive of him being an agent of the Jesuits. And this is not at all surprising. The vast majority of Jesuit agents never become known to the general public, just as the identities of the vast majority of secret agents of various governments never become known. They operate in the deep shadows. But let us see what such facts as are in the open reveal to us. For the interest of the Vatican in the tiny Communist nation of Cuba has been out of all proportion to its size or its apparent importance, and this interest remains to this day; a most suspicious point in itself.
Yes, after the Communist revolution which he led in Cuba, and which brought him to power, Fidel Castro clamped down on the Cuban Roman Catholic “Church”, closing its schools, banning Roman Catholic “lay” groups, etc. On the surface, this would indicate that he had turned his back on the “Church”. But we cannot be certain that a “surface” reading of these things is the correct one. Wherever the Jesuits are involved, things are never as they seem. And truly, his clampdown on the “Church” may have been part of the plan from the beginning! Even the expulsion of the Jesuits themselves could have been part of the plan. Does this sound far-fetched? Then consider this. During World War Two, although the Vatican fully supported Nazism, and many of its priests were actively working in top positions within the Nazi movement, other priests were deliberately sacrificed to and killed by the Nazis, to make it appear as if Nazism was opposed to Romanism. The priests who died were usually opposed to Nazism and therefore completely expendable as far as Rome was concerned. And the same thing happened in Rhodesia when the Jesuit-trained Roman Catholic Marxist, Robert Mugabe, was waging his terrorist war against the state. Mugabe’s organisation received financial and other support from the Roman Catholic institution, as did other terrorist groups – but this did not stop terrorists murdering Roman Catholic nuns, for example, or carrying out other atrocities against religious workers and institutions in Rhodesia. If people studied real history they would learn the truth about the Roman Catholic religion; but they don’t study real history. The truth is that Rome will readily sacrifice its own people “for the greater good”.
Castro’s expulsion of the Jesuits, then, really doesn’t amount to any real kind of evidence that he was anti-Jesuit, or anti-Roman Catholic. And when we turn our attention to the very strange relationship between the “Church” of Rome and the Cuban Communist Party of Fidel Castro through the decades (strange, that is, considering they were supposed to be great enemies), we have to really question the supposed “animosity” between the two. Simply put, the facts tell a very different story from the “official” version.
No less a personage than Armando Valladares, a Cuban Roman Catholic who suffered in Castro’s Cuba, but who later became U.S. Ambassador to the UN Commission on Human Rights, stated that the Roman Catholic institution willingly collaborated with Cuba’s Communist government, and that the Cuban Roman Catholic “Church” never spoke out against Cuba’s use of torture, or even against the execution of Roman Catholics, etc.! This is damning. One has to ask then: why was the Cuban Roman Catholic “Church” able to so willingly collaborate with Castro and his bloodthirsty revolutionaries? And why did the hierarchy not speak out, even when its own people were being tortured and killed? It becomes clear that, as in Nazi Germany during World War Two, only those Romanists who opposed Castro were killed, and their “Church” turned a blind eye, for (as in Nazi Germany) it actually supported Castro and his Communist revolution.
Suspicious, Mysterious Evidence
Despite all Castro’s apparent hatred for the Roman Catholic religion, it is significant that the Vatican always maintained a papal nuncio in Havana! Significant, because if Fidel really hated Roman Catholicism as much as his actions would seem to indicate, why would he do this? Yet he did. Furthermore, the Communist state did not interfere in the appointment of diocesan bishops or parish priests; and at times it even permitted foreign priests and nuns to work in the country. Very strange, if Castro really hated Roman Catholicism!
And there is much more. In some houses in Havana, photographs of Castro were placed in Roman Catholic shrines, alongside a black Madonna! This reveals two things. First, that many Cuban Communists were staunch Roman Catholics – yet officially the Cuban Communist Party was atheistic, and religious people were not permitted to belong to it (according to Raul Castro – see below). And secondly, that many of these Communist Papists viewed Fidel Castro as virtually divine – the very man who supposedly hated their religion and fought against it. Clearly, all was not as it seemed in Cuba. It was decidedly Communist, certainly; but it also remained Papist – apparently with the covert blessing of Castro himself.
In 1986 Cuba’s Communist Party, headed by Fidel, in a draft of the party’s next five-year plan, called on Cubans to respect religious believers. Many would say this simply meant that Castro was starting to warm towards the influential and powerful Roman Catholic “Church” in Cuba, recognising its clout and the fact that it could help him if he treated it better. Well, maybe that was all there was to it. But perhaps the real reason was that, by the mid-1980s, Fidel received orders from the Jesuits to now officially begin to adopt a more “conciliatory” approach to the “Church”, so as to give the appearance that Roman Catholicism was beginning to triumph over atheistic Communism.
In various parts of the world, but particularly in Latin America, the Jesuits had wholeheartedly embraced Communism, even taking up arms and fighting alongside Marxist guerillas in one country after another. This was the Jesuit doctrine of liberation theology, or what could be called religious Communism: a mixture of Romanism and Communism, which the Order hoped would usher in a “Catholic-Communist” world. The Vatican was fighting Communism, yes – but it was fighting atheistic, Moscow-controlled Communism. It was at the very same time promoting its own brand of religious, Vatican-controlled Communism! This was so in Poland, where John Paul II supported the Solidarity trade union movement that brought down the Polish Communist government. But Solidarity was not an anti-Communist movement: it was decidedly Communist, except that it followed Vatican Communism, not Moscow Communism!
The last anti-Communist pope was Pius XII. In 1958 he was succeeded by John XXIII, a pro-Communist pope. John was in turn succeeded by Paul VI, also strongly pro-Communist. Then John Paul I only lasted 33 days, to be deliberately “removed” by a mysterious murder and replaced by John Paul II, who was also pro-Communist, but favouring Vatican Communism over Moscow Communism.
The Jesuits were pushing liberation theology across the vast South American continent. And Cuba – staunchly Roman Catholic before Castro took over and still extremely Roman Catholic afterwards – was now, during the pontificate of John Paul II, beginning to “officially” open up to Roman Catholicism. Perhaps this was nothing more than Castro beginning to see that this was the way forward for his Communist nation in the future. Or perhaps … it was Castro actually fulfilling a long-term Vatican plan. Again, we may never know for sure. But it must be conceded that the things taking place were mysterious and highly suspicious, and indeed almost inexplicable unless understood in this light – that Fidel Castro was serving the interests of the Vatican and its Jesuits.
We are far from done. More and more suspicious, mysterious evidence continued to come to light.
During 1989, a number of top Roman Catholic officials visited Castro. And each time he expressed “esteem” for the pope, John Paul II, and for the “moral role” of the Romish religion, etc. Now why would an avowed enemy of religion say such things?
And then came a bombshell: a letter was sent to Castro in 1989, on the 30th anniversary of his dictatorship, by an influential Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal named Arns. This man, a radical, high-ranking promoter of liberation theology, said in the letter that Cuba “can be proud of being an example of social justice in Latin America”, and, “The Christian faith finds in the Cuban Revolution’s victories signs of the Kingdom of God”. This, an overt expression of liberation theology, reveals that the relationship between Castro, Communist Cuba, and the pro-Communist liberation theology advocates of the Romish hierarchy was far stronger than what the man in the street ever realised. Why would a Romish cardinal so highly praise Cuba, or compare the bloody Cuban revolution with the “kingdom of God” (in the Popish sense), unless Fidel was doing Rome’s bidding?
In 1996, it was announced that John Paul II would host Fidel Castro at the Vatican for the very first time. And sure enough, Fidel travelled to the Vatican, met the pope, and invited him to Cuba. This was astounding enough: a supposedly atheistic Communist dictator asking the pope of Rome to visit his country. But Fidel then added that when he came, John Paul II would be free to say whatever he liked! What, no restrictions on the papal speech? No Communist officials vetting – and vetoing – the speeches? Strange, strange indeed.
Well, John Paul eagerly accepted the invitation, and visited Cuba in January 1998. Castro granted Cubans time off from work and school to see him. John Paul criticised the Cuban government’s policy on abortion and the closing of its Roman Catholic schools. He also met with Castro privately. And he said afterwards that he hoped his visit to Cuba would bear fruit similar to his 1979 visit to Poland. That visit (as mentioned above) brought about the collapse of Soviet-controlled Communism in Poland and the installation of Vatican-inspired Communism. Perhaps, then, Castro really did turn against the Jesuits and against Rome all those years before, and this visit was the beginning of the triumphal conquest of atheistic Cuba for Rome, just as the papal visit to Poland had been. But then again, as shown above, and as will yet be shown, there were various indications that the Vatican-Cuba relationship was never as antagonistic as made out…
In 2002, Castro admitted that many Cuban Communists were Roman Catholics, and claimed that he himself had never wanted his Communist revolution to be anti-religious! That would have come as news to the tens of thousands of Roman Catholic Cubans who suffered persecution under his rule. He was either lying, if he had actually broken with his Romish upbringing and embraced atheistic Communism; or he was telling a half-truth, in that he had actually been secretly serving the Vatican, as an agent, all these years; in which case, his persecution of Roman Catholics was merely all part of the act, in accordance with instructions from the Jesuits.
In 2003, Castro attended the opening of a new convent in Cuba. This was taken as a sign of growing openness on the part of Cuba’s regime to the Roman Catholic “Church”. But we have seen evidence to indicate the possibility that he secretly favoured it all along, and was merely playing a deadly game in accordance with his Jesuit instructions. In that same year, Cuban Romish bishops criticised government repression and called for “national dialogue” not based on Marxism; for greater religious freedom; etc. But remember, if the Jesuits and Castro were indeed working together, this would have been unknown to the other Roman Catholic religious orders working in Cuba, and certainly they, and many Roman Catholics in general, suffered greatly at the hands of Cuba’s Communists. As shown above, the Jesuits for their own objectives will even permit fellow-Papists to suffer if need be. It is not unusual for Roman Catholics in a particular place to be oppressed, even while Jesuit secret agents work in the shadows for long-term goals about which their fellow-Papists are completely ignorant.
But wait, there is more. In 2011 it was announced that the pope of Rome, Benedict XVI, would be visiting Cuba. Ever since modern popes began traipsing across the earth, visiting country after country, there are very few countries which, in the course of a few years, have been “blessed’ (cursed) with a papal visit not once, but twice; and usually these are countries which play a significant role on the world stage, such as the United States, or the United Kingdom. Yet Cuba was visited by John Paul II in 1998; then by Benedict XVI in 2012; and in 2015 by Francis I. Three papal visits in 17 years! Not bad for a tiny island nation, Communist at that. Clearly, the Vatican placed far more importance on Cuba than would at first meet the eye.
When Benedict XVI visited Cuba in 2012, it was acknowledged that Cuba was now more open to Roman Catholic influence, and that the “Church” had a decided social presence in the country. Times had certainly changed!
And then came Francis I, the Jesuit pope.
Raul Castro Says: “I Am a Jesuit in a Sense”
As we have seen, in 2014 he played a most important role in bringing about improved relations between the United States and Cuba. There were comings and goings of high-level delegations at the Vatican, letters sent to both countries from Francis’ desk, and much praise for the pope afterwards for the “miracle” he managed to achieve.
And so the third papal trip to Cuba began to be planned. As part of the preparations, Cuban President Raul Castro, brother of Fidel, visited the pope in the Vatican in May 2015. The two held a private meeting in Francis’ study which lasted about an hour, and was reported as being “very friendly”. And after the meeting, speaking at a press conference, Raul said that he had thanked Francis for the active role he had played in improving relations between Cuba and the USA, and that he had presented the sentiments of the Cuban people to Francis, “those of expectation and preparation for the Holy Father’s visit to the island in September.” All very cosy, considering such words were coming out of an avowed Communist’s mouth. But things were about to get a whole lot more interesting. Comrade Raul dropped a bombshell.
He said to the press: “I read all the speeches of the pope. If the pope continues to speak this way, sooner or later I could start praying again and return to the Catholic Church. I’m not kidding. I’m a communist, [a member] of the Cuban Communist Party” (emphasis added). Extraordinary words!
He also said that the Cuban Communist Party had never admitted “believers”, but that today Cuba allows people to hold important positions even if they are not members of the Communist Party. “It’s a step forward,” he said.
What did his words mean?
Either Raul Castro really did leave the Roman Catholic religion decades ago, in which case his return would be a spectacular PR success for the Vatican and for Francis, which would be paraded before the world as a lost sheep returning to the Roman fold, and a very high-level one at that: no less than the atheistic, Communist president of Cuba. Or, Raul is playing an elaborate game, under Jesuit direction, pretending to be contemplating a “return” to Rome when in fact he never left it! Either way, Rome wins, and wins big, when and if one of the Castro brothers makes a public profession of “returning” to the “Church” of Rome. Or even more so if both of them do.
But Raul Castro had more to say, even more explosive. “I had a very agreeable meeting this morning with Pope Francis,” he said. “He is a Jesuit, as you well know. I am, too, in a certain sense because I was always in Jesuit schools” (italics added). Note: he did not say, “I was once educated by the Jesuits”, but, “I am a Jesuit in a certain sense”. These could almost be the words of a Jesuit secret agent.
And perhaps they were.
He added, “When the pope comes to Cuba in September, I promise to go to all his masses and will do so happily.” Ever heard of a truly atheistic Communist admitting openly that he would “happily” attend even one Roman Catholic mass? No, neither have I.
Francis Meets Fidel
And so it was that in September 2015, en route to the United States, Francis took an important and well-planned detour to Cuba. And upon his arrival, in his opening speech, he asked President Raul Castro to “convey my sentiments of particular respect and consideration to your brother Fidel.” Now why, oh why, would a pope of Rome “convey sentiments of particular respect” to a man who had led a violent Marxist revolution, expelled the Jesuit Order, destroyed Roman Catholic places of worship, persecuted Roman Catholics, clamped down on Roman Catholic educational institutions, and more? Why would he “convey sentiments of respect” to such a man? And what did this say to those tens of thousands of Roman Catholics who had suffered at Castro’s hands? Truly, it cannot be denied – this visit began to look more and more like the visit of one Jesuit to another! The first, the open Jesuit head of the largest and most powerful religio-political institution on earth, and the second, a secret servant of the Jesuits all along. Is this correct? Is this what was happening? Hard, rock-solid evidence may be lacking, and due to the very nature of the Jesuit Order and its secretive activities worldwide, this is not at all surprising and is in fact what we would expect; but even so, circumstantial evidence is quite overwhelming, is it not?
When Francis visited Cuba, much took place behind closed doors. Journalist Ulrich Kny, covering Cuba during the papal visit for the project department of the international Roman Catholic charity, Aid to the Church in Need, admitted that these private meetings were the most important of the visit: “No doubt the really important topics were addressed in the personal meeting between the Holy Father and Cuban President Raul Castro, and likewise in the meeting with the Cuban bishops. Both these meetings took place in private, with the press excluded,” he said.
Although acknowledging that the “Church” in Cuba faced huge challenges, such as restrictions on its freedom to run schools or to openly evangelise, Kny stated: “The Church in Cuba has learned over decades to survive in an atheistic environment. She has now emerged from the catacombs and – despite all the opposition and difficulties – has become an active force in society and has earned for herself great respect in all levels of Cuban society.” Put plainly, Cuban Roman Catholicism and Cuban Communism are not enemies. They are in fact working together.
Let us now consider the all-important meeting between Francis and Fidel. According to the director of the Vatican press office, Jesuit priest Federico Lombardi, the Francis-Fidel meeting was “familiar and informal”. Not surprisingly, after what Francis had done for Castro, and given the fact that both men are South Americans, devoted to Marxist revolutions on that continent.
The two men exchanged gifts, as is customary whenever a political leader meets the pope. So much for an “unscheduled” meeting: the gifts had obviously been chosen and prepared beforehand. Castro gave Francis an interview book entitled Fidel and Religion, written in 1985 by a Brazilian Roman Catholic priest. The dedication inside the book read: “For Pope Francis, on occasion of his visit to Cuba, with the admiration and respect of the Cuban people.” Now why would the supposedly “anti-Catholic”, “anti-Jesuit” Fidel say things like that?
Francis, for his part, gave Castro two CDs, and a book with the sermons and songs of Jesuit priest Armando Llorente, who had been Castro’s school teacher and mentor at Belen Jesuit Preparatory School. In 1958 Llorente, in disguise, spoke to Castro. The dictator apparently told Llorente that he had lost his (Roman Catholic) faith. In 2007 Llorente, who was living in exile in Miami, Florida, said he was willing to go to Cuba and hear Castro’s confession. And before he died in 2010, Llorente publicly called on Castro to convert to Romanism and repent.
So did Castro repent for his treatment of the Roman Catholic “Church” in the past? This question was put to Francis during a press conference aboard his flight from Cuba to the USA. And here was his reply, a nifty sidestep: “Repentance is something intimate, having to do with the conscience.” So we can take that as a No. But the pope is not concerned with Castro’s repentance or lack thereof. He is only concerned with the here and now, and how he can make use of this visit to Castro, and to Cuba, for his present purposes.
Francis then said: “We spoke only on the Jesuit school and how hard they made [students] work. Then we spoke a lot about the encyclical Laudato Si’. He is very interested in the theme of ecology and he is worried about the environment.” At 89 years old, Castro really needs to be worried about something far more important than the environment – his immortal soul. If the pope was a true Christian as so many foolish “Protestants” think he is, he would have made this the priority of his visit. But the pope is not in any sense a true Christian. He is the leader of an utterly heathenish religion.
The visit of Francis to the ailing dictator sent a message to millions of Cubans: the “Church” is triumphing over Communism. This was a good message, as far as the Vatican was concerned, for the Cubans to receive. But the truth was somewhat more complex than that. Yes, the “Church” of Rome was triumphing over Cuban Communism; but it was really one form of Communism triumphing over the other. The papal visit was a major part of the triumphing of religious, Romish Communism over atheistic Communism. For Francis is a Marxist, politically, socially and economically. When he said in an interview in 2013, “the Marxist ideology is wrong”, he was referring to atheistic Marxism; but the Vatican has long followed its own brand of Marxism, and this is the brand it is pushing all over the world.
And – as we have seen – it is entirely possible that Fidel Castro himself was part of this plan all along: to lead a Communist revolution, appear to be anti-Catholic, and then years later to “concede defeat” to the Papacy, thereby making millions of people think that as powerful as Communism is, the Roman Catholic “Church” is far more so, and ultimately victorious. Certainly this is believed by millions with regards to Communism in Europe, where they credit John Paul II with the (falsely assumed) “collapse” of Communism; and now the message is being conveyed to the world that even in diehard Communist Cuba, the “Church” of Rome is triumphing.
Perhaps the Castros really were nothing but disillusioned Roman Catholics who became committed atheists, but have now in their old age begun to move back towards the religion of their youth. But the evidence presented above, at the very least, opens up the very real possibility that in Fidel and Raul Castro, we have two men whose relationship with Rome was one lived in the shadows, as they acted out a script conceived in the headquarters of the sinfully-named “Society of Jesus”: the Jesuit Order.
Shaun Willcock is a minister, author and researcher. He runs Bible Based Ministries. For other articles (which may be downloaded and printed), as well as details about his books, audio messages, pamphlets, etc., please visit the Bible Based Ministries website; or write to the address below. If you would like to be on Bible Based Ministries’ email list, to receive all future articles, please send your details.
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